Burlap is a loosely woven cotton fabric originally used for shipping and construction. One of its main uses was and still is for bags. The fibres are thick and have a rough surface similar to rope. In fact, both burlap and ropes are made from the jute plant. Burlap's coarse weave gives it the rustic look that makes it a favourite craft fabric. It is a popular choice for country-themed decor and folk art pieces such as pillow covers, place mats, tablecloths and wall hangings.
Plan your design based on the size of your final project. If you are making a 12-inch by 12-inch wall hanging, you will need to create a design that easily fits into that size. You can make it completely freehand or use a stencil. Fine lines and small details may get lost in the thick weave, so it's best to choose a bold design that will accent the thickness of the fibres and stand out against them. Clip art is a great source of inspiration.
Spread a plastic tarp or an old sheet down to protect your work surface from paint and to catch the small fibre pieces burlap sheds when it's cut or handled.
Place the burlap out flat on the cardboard. Secure the edges and corners with push pins. The fabric should be pulled taut, but not stretched out of shape.
Position the stencil, if you are using one, on the fabric. Attach to the fabric with push pins.
Set out plastic cups, one for each colour and pour in the fabric paint.
Dip a stiff-bristled brush into the fabric paint. Brush fabric paint onto the burlap. Use a different brush for each colour of paint.
Leave the burlap undisturbed while the paint dries. If using a stencil, remove it slowly, taking care not to smudge the paint.
Add freehand touches with the fabric paint markers.
Allow all paint to dry completely before removing the burlap from the cardboard.
Burlap tends to stretch over time. This will distort the painted design, so you may want to line the finished piece to help it retain the original shape.
Burlap fades in direct sunlight. Repurposed burlap bags sometimes carry lingering aromas. Some people like this as a sign of authenticity. If you would rather eliminate the scents, spray the bag with a textile freshener and let it dry completely before you paint it.