Home heating oil is produced from crude oil, which also is used to manufacture gasoline and jet fuel. Heating oil is the third most commonly used residential heating fuel in the U.S., according to the National Energy Education Development Program.
Heating fuel use in residential buildings averaged around 1,300 gallons of fuel per year in 1973. In 2010 increased technology and improved insulation techniques have decreased the use of heating oil to an average of around 800 gallons per household each year, according to NEED.
Around seven per cent of households in the U.S. use heating oil as their primary source of heating fuel, around one-third of these users are located in the northeastern states of the U.S. Use of heating oil is only surpassed in residential usage by natural gas and electricity.
Heating fuel use in the U.S. is divided into four sectors: residential, commercial, industrial and transportation. Residential and commercial use of heating fuels account for around one-third of all energy use in the U.S.