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The Disadvantages of Having Air Suspension

Air (pneumatic) suspensions are one of three basic types of suspensions, the other two being spring and hydraulic. While air suspensions do offer ride-height adjustability, the airbag springs that they utilise to suspend the vehicle are slow to respond and dynamically inferior in almost every other way.

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Handling

The standard air suspension's primary problem is that the user must reduce pressure in the air bag to drop the car and increase pressure to raise it. This results in a car that handles like a barge when it's lowered and bucks like a concrete bronco when its set higher -- exactly the opposite of what you'd want.

Heavy and Complicated

Air suspensions require a network of air hoses, junction regulators and control valves to function and an air compressor to fill the bags. While lighter than an equivalent hydraulic set-up, these parts can add over 45.4kg. to the car, depending on compressor size. Moreover, every junction is an opportunity for leaks.

Slow Response

Air is elastic, meaning that it has mass and doesn't like to change direction. Air suspensions cannot respond to changes in road conditions with anything approaching the speed of an equivalent magneto-rheological (MR) dampener. An MR dampener uses a magnet to thicken the metallic fluid inside its body, allowing the car's computer to change ride firmness at the speed of electricity.

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About the Author

Richard Rowe has been writing professionally since 2007, specializing in automotive topics. He has worked as a tractor-trailer driver and mechanic, a rigger at a fire engine factory and as a race-car driver and builder. Rowe studied engineering, philosophy and American literature at Central Florida Community College.

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