Causes of white flaky dry spots on skin

The skin is the largest organ in the body. It serves many functions and it is subjected to many disorders, diseases, and/or skin conditions. White, flaky dry spots on the skin can have several causes and can be successfully treated.

Skin Conditions

The skin protects the body from viruses and bacteria, however, sometimes infections, disease and immune system responses can invade and infect the skin. Dry, flaky and white spotted skin can be caused by minor, chronic, and/or acute skin disorders.


Any condition or irritant that clogs, inflames and/or irritates the skin can cause redness, swelling, itching, pain, rashes and white, patchy, flaky skin.


Eczema is a skin condition that can look different from person to person. Its exact cause is unknown, but it tends to run in families. Dry, white, flaky patches of skin occur most often on the hands, elbows, backs of knees and scalp.


Psoriasis is a skin condition bought on by a disruption in the immune system. Symptoms can come and go, and include painful joints, itching, thick and pitted nails, and white scaly and flaky skin patches.


Leucoderma, also called vitiligo, is a rare skin disease characterised by white spots and patches that can become dry and flaky on the skin. While not a dangerous disease, it can affect one's appearance and cause emotional stress.

Sun Spots and Fungus

Too much exposure to the sun can cause white, flaky spots on the skin. Skin fungus is another culprit with many causes. Keeping the skin clean, dry, wearing shoes and avoiding public pools is the best prevention.