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The History of Stuart Crystal

Updated March 23, 2017

From the 1800s until 2001, Stuart Crystal was the pride of generations of the Stuart family, starting with Frederick Stuart. In 1827, at the age of about 11, the orphaned Frederick Stuart went to work at the Red House Glassworks in Stourbridge in the British Midlands. At 24, Stuart left the Glassworks to seek his fortune as a glass salesman. Years later, he would return as the proprietor of "The Red House."

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Early History

In 1853, Stuart entered into a 14-year partnership, forming the firm of Mills, Webb & Stuart. The Wordsley Iron Foundry, which was adjacent to the Red House Glassworks, was purchased and renamed Albert Glassworks. By the 1870s, the company (now Stuart and Mills) was a supplier of glassware to ocean liners. Subsequently, Stuart crystal stemware would be supplied for use aboard the White Star Line's ill-fated "Titanic" in 1912.

Stuart & Sons

In 1881, Stuart proceeded with plans to launch a new business, Stuart & Sons, with his seven sons. The new company was launched in 1883, after his previous partnership, Stuart & Mills, expired in 1882. In a sense, Stuart's career had come full circle, as he and his sons took over the Red House Glassworks where he had been apprenticed years before. Stuart retired in 1897, at the age of 82. He passed away in 1900.


Stuart & Sons was incorporated as a limited company in 1911. In 1936, all glass production was transferred from the Red House factory to new facilities at White House Glassworks. The original glass works, a 110-foot-tall glass making cone, is now a museum where visitors can see how crystal was once manufactured there.

End Of An Era

In 1966, Stuart & Sons opened a new glass works factory in South Wales. The White House factory was demolished in 1979, and the following year, a new company was formed in Scotland, called Stuart Strathearn Glass. Waterford Wedgwood launched a successful takeover bid in 1995. Glass production ceased altogether in 2001.

New Beginnings

As part of the Waterford Wedgwood group of companies, Stuart Crystal maintains a standard of product excellence, particularly in terms of design innovation for which it is well known. In the early 1900s, Robert Stuart (a son of the founder) was apparently instrumental in introducing art nouveau designs. Famous designers, Graham Sutherland and Paul Nash produced creative designs for Stuart Crystal during the 1930s, some of which were exhibited at Harrod's department store. From 1949, John Luxton led a new generation of cutters in modern design concepts. Most recently, since 2005, Stuart Crystal has launched a nostalgic gift ware collection and headed along a new, creative path.

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About the Author

Based in Northern California, Maureen Katemopoulos has been a freelance writer for more than 25 years. Her articles on travel, the arts, cuisine and history have appeared in publications such as "Stanislaus Magazine," "Orientations," "The Asia Magazine" and "The Peninsula Group Magazine." She holds a Baccalaureate degree in journalism from Stanford University.

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