The Canary Island Date Palm is native to the Canary Islands (hence its name). The tree has a thick trunk covered in varying diamond patterns. When pruned and maintained properly, the palm can grow to a height of almost 30 metres (100 feet). The tree is hardy and can withstand temperatures that drop into the upper teens (provided it is old and healthy enough). Used as a gardening focal point, it adorns the landscapes of estates, beach resorts and city hotels.
Pruning a Canary Island Date Palm should only be done to remove flowers, rotting or dead fronds or damaged fronds. The tree should not be over-pruned. Pruning a palm tree, such as the Canary Island Date Palm, can shorten its lifespan, stunt its growth or subject it to diseases or environmental damage.
When pruning the tree, be mindful not to damage the trunk. Damage to the trunk may not heal properly and could even kill the tree.
The Canary Island Date Palm, like other species of palm trees, has a rootball from which it gathers nutrients in the soil. Rootballs do not branch out like the roots of other species of trees, such as oak or elm. Instead, the rootball remains near the top of the soil. Therefore, the palm will derive most of its nutrients from the top of the soil rather than from further down beneath the topsoil. For this reason, you should properly fertilise and maintain good topsoil around your palm trees. This is the palm tree's food source, and without proper maintenance, the tree will not receive enough nutrients.
Being native to the Canary Islands, a veritable island paradise, the Canary Island Date Palm is used to a full day's worth of sunlight. Those caring for it should ensure the palm receives full sunlight; this may be difficult, depending on the climate. Use of sunlamps may help if one is trying to grow the tree in a climate that is often overcast or cloudy.