Hey I'm Dr. Bob Pane a veterinarian at Southkendall.com. Let's talk about how to treat urinary tract infections in cats. One, most infections in cats aren't bacterial. They're actually inflammatory and by that I mean like an Interstitial Cystitis. It's just an inflamed wall of the bladder. So how we do it here in our practice is we try to get what we call a Cystocentesis and take urine directly out of the bladder with a needle. I know it sounds bad but we do it in pediatrics and human medicine all the time. We look under a microscope, we see if there is any bacteria in there. If so then we treat with the bacteria that we think are in there. Sometimes we culture the urine. But I would say less than 5 percent of all Cystitis or inflammations of the bladder are caused by bacteria. Viruses we don't think cause it but we treat with antibiotics. Sometimes we use anti stress medications because a lot of these cats are induced by stress. There's a cat outside the door that's screaming, you know mating and your cat is upset because it's in its territory. So it's stress induced. Sometimes you get Cystitis that is secondary to Renal problems, kidney problems or diabetes. So therefore, sometimes we test for renal function and glucose and make sure you don't have a diabetic situation or a renal failure that's causing your cat to get secondary infections that are secondary to the actual dysfunction above it. So often times Cystitis's are secondary or tertiary to the primary cause which are more important to find than the bacterial or inflammatory cystitis your cat manifests. Again we sometimes culture. It takes a week and put them on antibiotics. I put them on three Omega Fatty Acids because I like the holistic approach and sometimes that helps the inflammation. I put them on anti stress medications as well. So talk to your veterinarian and define it.