A bench saw is basically any type of saw mounted on a bench or table. Probably the most common of this variety is a table saw utilising a circular blade. Other types of bench saws include band saws, jigsaws and mitre saws. All of these types of saws have common basic components.
Guards are required equipment on any type of bench saw to prevent bodily contact with any moving parts. These include an interlocked bottom guard for safety during cleaning and maintenance. A fixed riving knife, which is a small blade mounted by the saw blade that rises, falls or tilts with the blade and protects against kickback, is another blade guard. Also required on a circular saw bench is an adjustable or self-adjusting top hood guard that covers the portion of the saw blade situated above the bench.
Bench saws fitted with different types of blades include circular blades, which are round and available in a variety of sizes. Band saw blades are a continuous band of metal with cutting teeth on one edge and available in variable widths. Jigsaw blades are short, straight blades with mounting pins on each end with cutting teeth available in a number of different configurations. All types of blades can have different tooth sizes and configurations; generally larger teeth are used for fast, rough cutting while smaller, finer teeth are used for smoother finishing cuts.
Bench saws are powered by electric motors of varying sizes and capacities. The electric motor is connected to the saw blade with a belt-drive assembly. Bench saws commonly possess smaller motors than similar freestanding tools.
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