Since 700BC, coins have been used around the world in exchange for goods and services. Coins of antiquity were made from gold, silver, bronze, copper, nickel or other metals, while modern coins are generally created from alloys of these elements.
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The five-cent coin of the U.S. is made from a cupronickel alloy. This mixture of 75 per cent copper and 25 per cent nickel also contains a trace amount of manganese.
Canadian Five-Cent Coin
Over the past century, the Canadian five-cent coin has had several composition changes. With a 92.5 per cent silver and 7.5 per cent copper mix from 1908 to 1919, the Canadian Mint switched between 99.9 per cent nickel and chrome-plated steel throughout the 20th century. Since 2000, a mix of 94.5 per cent steel, 3.5 per cent copper and 2 and per cent nickel plating has been used.
The Euro became legal tender in the Eurozone participating nations of the European Union on January 1, 2002. The coins are made from copper-covered steel.
Australian Five-Cent Coin
Similar to the US nickel, the Australian five-cent piece is made of 75 per cent copper and 25 per cent nickel. The first production was provided by the Royal Mint of London. Since 1987, the Royal Australian Mint has produced all of Australian's five-cent coins.
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