Types of Crops Grown in Hydroponics

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Types of Crops Grown in Hydroponics
Hydroponics is a healthy alternative to regular gardening. (vegetables image by Mladenov from Fotolia.com)

Regular gardening is limited by the time of year; however, hydroponics can be used to harvest crops year-round regardless of growing seasons. Hydroponics uses water rather than soil to grow plants, which means less pesticides are required when growing fruit and vegetables. As well, out-of-season fruit can be expensive at grocery stores, but is relatively easy to grow with hydroponics and will taste just as delicious because it has been given the same light and nutrients as outdoor grown food.

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Tomatoes

The most popular plant to grow with hydroponics is the tomato plant, probably because it's growing season through traditional means is generally short. Tomatoes grown with hydroponics can taste just as sweet and delicious as those in the garden as the flavour depends mostly on temperature and light. Through hydroponics you can control what nutrients the plant gets during its growth, which can create supernutritional tomatoes year-round. In order to get healthy and pest-free plants, it's best if you start your hydroponic tomatoes from seed; this way you can monitor them for their entire lifespan rather than risking diseased plants.

Types of Crops Grown in Hydroponics
Tomatoes are a great plant for a beginner to grow with hydroponics. (tomato #2 image by Adam Borkowski from Fotolia.com)

Strawberries

With hydroponics you can grow fresh strawberries year-round, every one of them with the same fresh taste. Light and heat requirements must be met in order to make your plants bloom and produce fruit, as strawberries are a bit picky about their environment. Growing them inside makes it easier to control their environment and produce a high yield. Hydroponic strawberries can also be grown at an easy picking height, rather than close to the ground, which makes them easier to harvest. As well, strawberries grown commercially have to be sprayed with many pesticides in order to ensure a good crop, but your own fruit can be grown without harmful chemicals.

Types of Crops Grown in Hydroponics
In the winter, you can harvest fresh strawberries grown with hydroponics. (Strawberry image by Sujit Mahapatra from Fotolia.com)

Passion fruit

For something more exotic, you can also grow passion fruit with hydroponics in your home. These plants are high-yielding and easy for beginners, as long as you're willing to keep an eye on the temperature during their growth and maturing phases. Passion fruit vines are quite large and need a few meters of space to grow in, but they also can yield very high numbers of fruit. A passion fruit vine will continue to grow and produce for many years, when kept in a good environment.

Types of Crops Grown in Hydroponics
Passion fruit can be grown using hydroponics with little difficulty. (Passionfruit 2 image by Brett Mulcahy from Fotolia.com)

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