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Types of Crops Grown in Hydroponics

Updated July 19, 2017

Regular gardening is limited by the time of year; however, hydroponics can be used to harvest crops year-round regardless of growing seasons. Hydroponics uses water rather than soil to grow plants, which means less pesticides are required when growing fruit and vegetables. As well, out-of-season fruit can be expensive at grocery stores, but is relatively easy to grow with hydroponics and will taste just as delicious because it has been given the same light and nutrients as outdoor grown food.

Tomatoes

The most popular plant to grow with hydroponics is the tomato plant, probably because it's growing season through traditional means is generally short. Tomatoes grown with hydroponics can taste just as sweet and delicious as those in the garden as the flavour depends mostly on temperature and light. Through hydroponics you can control what nutrients the plant gets during its growth, which can create supernutritional tomatoes year-round. In order to get healthy and pest-free plants, it's best if you start your hydroponic tomatoes from seed; this way you can monitor them for their entire lifespan rather than risking diseased plants.

Strawberries

With hydroponics you can grow fresh strawberries year-round, every one of them with the same fresh taste. Light and heat requirements must be met in order to make your plants bloom and produce fruit, as strawberries are a bit picky about their environment. Growing them inside makes it easier to control their environment and produce a high yield. Hydroponic strawberries can also be grown at an easy picking height, rather than close to the ground, which makes them easier to harvest. As well, strawberries grown commercially have to be sprayed with many pesticides in order to ensure a good crop, but your own fruit can be grown without harmful chemicals.

Passion fruit

For something more exotic, you can also grow passion fruit with hydroponics in your home. These plants are high-yielding and easy for beginners, as long as you're willing to keep an eye on the temperature during their growth and maturing phases. Passion fruit vines are quite large and need a few meters of space to grow in, but they also can yield very high numbers of fruit. A passion fruit vine will continue to grow and produce for many years, when kept in a good environment.

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About the Author

Crystal Smith has been writing about art application, history and process since 2006. She has written articles as a florist and wedding floral designer. Smith has also written for childcare professionals including behavior guides, activity instructions and suggestions, as well as instruction books. She is pursuing her Bachelor of Fine Arts at North Island College.