Plaster and paint additives can add texture and visual interest to ceilings and walls. They may also cover or camouflage flaws in drywall. With the right paint texture technique, old walls can be made to look new and new walls can be given the character of an antique. Possible effects include plaster, lace and rock.
Splatter texture, when applied with a sprayer, creates a thin, subtle layer of texture that is noticeable but not as obvious as heavier textures such as popcorn. The stippling effect of splatter texture can be achieved with brushes and rollers as well, but the effect will be thicker and less even.
Popcorn texture, also referred to as an acoustic finish, is most often found on ceilings. This mixture of latex paint and small styrofoam beads hides drywall imperfections well. The downside to this texture technique is that the finish collects dust and is difficult to paint over. The effect of popcorn texture is a rock- or concrete-like appearance.
According to Paint Pro Magazine, skiptrowel or knockdown texture techniques are likely the most popular texture techniques countrywide. A thick layer of texture is applied to the wall using a sprayer with a large opening. Once it begins to dry, large blobs of texture are knocked off the wall with a trowel or paint scraper. Depending on the spraying technique and the thickness of the texture compound, different effects are achieved with this method, including a lacelike appearance and an ageing plaster appearance.
The look and feel of brick can be achieved with a combination of skiptrowel and stippling techniques along with a base layer of sand finish paint. The sand finish paint mimics grout lines. Painters tape is used to section off the "bricks" and a thick coat of texture raises the "bricks" above the grout lines. Paint Pro Magazine recommends taking a picture of a real brick wall for inspiration when it comes to stippling on the colour after the texture is dry.
You can mimic many textural finishes with simple paint and supplies such as brushes, glaze, sponges, rags, plastic bags and combs. The proper paint technique can mimic textures such as ageing plaster, suede and marble.