Abnormal psychology refers to behaviour or thought patterns that prevent optimal social integration. Researchers measure and try to understand these abnormalities. The field covers medical, mental, personality or behavioural disorders. The study of abnormal psychology is mainly qualitative or quantitative. Qualitative research measures behaviour through observation, surveys, interviews and questionnaires, whereas quantitative research relies on statistics. The study of abnormal psychology continues to grow, and researchers are never at a loss for topics to consider.
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Body Dysmorphic Disorder
Body Dysmorphic Disorder, a somatic disorder, is an excellent research topic concerning distorted body image. A person with BDD experiences an unhealthy preoccupation with his own image, which he may also believe is unattractive. Even if the individual is handsome by conventional standards, he will remain unconvinced. This difficulty also occurs in those with eating issues.
A man with anorexia might believe that he's fat even though painfully thin. This is a distorted view of the self or body dysmorphic disorder. This disorder can prevent successful treatment of anorexia nervosa because the individual believes he's overweight, so the quest to lose unreal fat continues.
Researchers can look further into cognitive behaviour therapy and medication as treatment options. Another option for treating Body Dysmorphic Disorder is neuroimaging or brain scanning to determine if a brain abnormality exists.
Dependent Personality Disorder
Dependent personality disorder makes it difficult for the individual to make decisions on her own. She avoids taking responsibility for her life and finds it easier to turn her will over to others. When there is no one to lean on, she may slip into procrastination. In addition, setting and maintaining boundary lines is weak because of an inability to recognise her dependent personality.
Research on Dependent Personality Disorder will help others understand this type of personality and whether it's social, genetic or a combination of the two. In addition, more research might be considered about why it's more prevalent among females.
Depersonalisation Disorder often begins in childhood because of ongoing sexual abuse, emotional cruelty, extreme neglect or physical trauma. Because of the nature of the abuse, the individual starts to seek psychological and emotional escape by "leaving the body" during painful episodes. After repeatedly seeking escape through this depersonalisation process, he may eventually find it difficult to reconnect with his body or feel whole.
Researchers may wish to research whether depersonalisation disorder and antisocial disorder are linked. Also, what percentage of victims experiencing cruelty also experience depersonalisation disorder?
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