While various types of anaemia exist, it is characterised by a less than normal red blood cell (RBC) count, affecting the delivery of oxygen within the body. According to Dr. Siamak Nabili on MedicineNet.com, diagnosis of anaemia in men means the RBC count is less than 13.5 gram/100mL. A variety of symptoms can indicate anaemia, and some types of anaemia have very specific signs. A doctor should be consulted if any of these symptoms persist.
Common anaemia symptoms include lack of energy, abnormally rapid heart rate, headache, difficulty breathing, trouble focusing on tasks, dizzy spells, pale skin, cramping and trouble sleeping.
Signs of anaemia brought on by an iron deficiency include the desire to eat unnatural or inedible items such as paper or grass, the nails curve in an upward motion, and the mouth becomes very sore and begins to crack.
B-12 Vitamin Deficiency
Anemia due to a B-12 vitamin deficiency causes tingling sensations in the limbs, trouble walking, memory loss, mental instabilities including hallucinations or paranoia, and decreased sense of touch.
RBC Destruction (Chronic and Sudden)
Two types of RBC destruction exist, including chronic and sudden. Both forms of RBC destruction include the following symptoms: yellowing of the skin and eyes, discoloured urine, and gallstones or kidney problems. Additional signs of sudden RBC destruction are seizures and bruising.
Lead poisoning is a cause of anaemia. The symptoms include stomach pain, vomiting, a line formed across the gum that is bluish-black in colour, and constipation.
Sickle cell anaemia is a disease that is characterised by tiredness, ease of contracting infections, and severe joint, limb and stomach pain.