An inoperable oven can send any owner into panic mode. Both electric and gas ovens have different reasons for no longer working, though the most common reasons include circuit breakers, broken heat elements, broken grill elements and electrical switch defects. You can resolve some of these issues by yourself, while others may require professional repair or even replacement.
The electrical system in a house relies on an intricate balance of fuses and power. When an appliance or electrical item overloads the system, a circuit breaker switches on a specialised panel, cutting power to that specific item and area. This prevents electrical fires from igniting. For electric ovens, this shuts down the entire unit; for some gas units, this shuts down functions such as the clock. Check the circuit breaker and flip the switch back, if necessary.
Broken Heat Element
Heat elements are located at the bottom of an electric range and are identifiable by their black, tubular shape. The heat element, or baking element, can wear out over time and will eventually burn out. If the oven is turned on, but the heat element does not turn red, then the baking element has burnt out and has to be replaced.
Broken Broiler Igniter
The grill igniter works similar to the heat element on the bottom of the oven, only it is attached to the top. The grill element wears with frequent use and wears faster in ovens, using both the bake and grill element at the same time. When the oven is set to "broil" and the element does not glow red, it must be replaced in order to work.
Both gas and electrical ranges use knobs or switches that ignite the grill and bake elements inside the oven. When there is an electrical defect or short in these knob and switch connections, the signal is not sent to the heating element to turn on or heat the oven. This wiring, known as an infinite switch, is located directly behind the knobs on the control panel. It is best to have a professional replace an infinite switch since extensive electrical work is needed.
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