Social workers extend help to individuals and families to assist them in dealing with and managing the problems that they face in their day-to-day lives. They provide support with family, social and personal problems and conflicts that people face in relationships. Social workers also help individuals in dealing with the social, mental, cultural and medical problems that are caused due to a disability or illness. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median salary for social workers is £25,694 as of May 2008, and entry level positions require a bachelor's degree in social work (BSW).
Child and Family Social Workers
Child and family social workers help to enhance the social as well as psychological development of children. Their service includes the integration of services available to help a child and their families. Another role of these workers is to help single parents to identify good day cares and to organise adoptions. They help abandoned and abused children by finding adequate rescue homes for them. The social workers in this field focus on a specific problem, society or population, like child protection, adoption or domestic violence.
School Social Workers
School social workers provide coordination between the school and the families of children. They work with parents or guardians from student families and teachers or other school officials from the school to manage students' academic and individual potential. They help the children in managing issues related to stress or emotions. These social workers also help children with disabilities and their families. School social workers take care of issues like misbehavior, teenage pregnancy and drug abuse. They help teachers and families deal with difficult children.
Mental Health and Substance Abuse
Social workers with expertise in the fields of mental health and substance abuse diagnose and treat people with mental disorders or drug-related issues. These social workers focus on individual and group treatments, outreach programs and social rehabilitation. They teach their clients the skills required to carry on day-to-day life. They help their clients who move into the community after leaving clinical facilities. These social workers also provide assistance to families of people suffering from addiction. These social workers extend their services to outpatient facilities and inpatient programs involving their clients. They may also provide help to solve problems related to jobs.
Medical Social Workers
Medical social workers help their clients and families in coping with the emotional effects of medical conditions. They extend support to individuals during their sickness and help them to manage the emotional, social and medical impacts caused by illness. These social workers also help patients with adequate access to medical care, extend help during hospitalisation and post-hospital treatment and during their recovery period.