To many, adult spiders are a sign of good luck and future riches. To others, they are creepy and scary. Regardless of the reaction of adults, most children find them fascinating and unique. Whatever the belief, there are more than 40,000 different species found in almost every region of the world, avoiding only the polar regions, the highest mountains and the oceans' depths
House and Garden Spiders
Spiders that live in houses and gardens are the ones that people often come in contact with. The brown spider prefers living in woodpiles, sheds, closets, gardens and any other areas that aren't often disturbed. The black and yellow spider prefers living under the eaves of houses. The fiddler spider, which is native to the United States, also likes to live in woodpiles, garages and other undisturbed places. The brown recluse spider lives in houses and gardens and can often be found in the backs of closets, piles of clothing, shoes or even in bed sheets that haven't been used for a while. While black widow spiders prefer to build webs near the ground around the mouths of burrows, they will also live in houses where it is dark, such as in the backs of closets.
Some of the largest spiders in the world live in jungles and deserts. Perhaps the largest of all spiders is the tarantula, which lives in both habitats. Another large spider that lives in the jungle is the Goliath bird eating spider. This spider prefers living in deep burrows in swampy regions of South America. Because of their size, these spiders can eat small lizards, birds and mice. The tarantula and Goliath bird eating spider females can live as long as 25 years. The jewel spider also prefers tropical areas of Australia and New Zealand.
A variety of spiders are found in the desert, including the camel spider, which some believe chases people when in reality it's only trying to stay in the shade formed by the person's shadow. Banana spiders, which are shaped like its name implies, prefer dry, sandy regions. The golden orb spider, one of the largest spiders in the world, also prefers very warm and dry climates.
Wet or Marshy Habitats
The raft spider lives in very wet areas of Britain and catches its food by grabbing underwater insects with its legs. The diving bell spider, more commonly referred to as the water spider, lives in the ponds of northern Africa and Asia as well as most of Europe. The bolas or fishing spider, as its name implies, prefers damp areas and usually stays under leaves so its body doesn't dry out.