The Equipment for a Smear Test

Written by rich rodriguez
  • Share
  • Tweet
  • Share
  • Pin
  • Email
The Equipment for a Smear Test
A pap smear is a routine part of a gynaecological checkup (Jupiterimages/Photos.com/Getty Images)

A pap smear is part of a gynaecological examination. A sample of cells is taken from the cervix and screened for abnormal cells and cervical cancer. The United States Preventative Task Force recommends that after three normal pap smears done annually, a smear test every two to three years is sufficient.

Other People Are Reading

Gynaecological Exam

The gynaecological evaluation includes a pelvic examination, the collection of the specimen, preservation of the specimen and microscopic review of the specimen.

Pelvic Exam

A gynaecological exam bed with stirrups helps position the patient. Various speculums are used, depending on the size of the vagina. The Grave's speculum comes in three sizes: small, medium and large. The Grave's medium will fit most women. A Pederson speculum is narrower than a Grave's and is used in women who have never been pregnant, have never used tampons, or have narrow vaginal openings because of age, radiation or surgery. Another speculum is of a disposable plastic and is used successfully in most women.

Collection of Specimen

Collection is achieved by using a cytobrush applicator and an Ayer's spatula. The specimen is then either placed on a slide or washed into a liquid solution for examination.

Preservation of Sample

There are two general methods of preserving the cervical sample, slide fixation and liquid-based cytology. To fix the specimen, a slide is used and the cytobrush and spatula are run across the glass and sprayed with a fixative solution. In a liquid-based sample, the cytobrush and spatula are rinsed through the liquid container and sealed for examination. The sample is then sent to a pathology lab for examination.

Don't Miss

Filter:
  • All types
  • Articles
  • Slideshows
  • Videos
Sort:
  • Most relevant
  • Most popular
  • Most recent

No articles available

No slideshows available

No videos available

By using the eHow.co.uk site, you consent to the use of cookies. For more information, please see our Cookie policy.