Factors Affecting Physical Fitness

Updated April 04, 2017

According to, physical fitness is a general state of well-being that includes energy to participate in physical activity, and reduces risk of developing health problems prematurely. Physical fitness includes bone strength, muscular strength, cardiovascular fitness, flexibility and metabolic fitness. It allows a person to accomplish the tasks of the day with little drain on energy. Overall fitness increases when you address the factors that affect physical fitness.


People who exercise live longer than those who don't. Most adults need at least 30 minutes of exercise five days a week, which includes aerobic exercise and strength training with weights. Exercise prevents many illnesses such as cancer, diabetes, and heart disease. Exercise also improves your mood and helps you manage weight. Exercise increases good cholesterol while reducing the bad.


You should eat a well-balanced diet. This means limiting fast food restaurants and junk food such as pastries, chips and cookies. Your diet should include vegetables, fruits, whole grains, eggs, lean meat, beans and nuts. It should be low in cholesterol, fat, sugar and salt. Eating a healthy diet results in lower blood pressure and decreases the risk of stroke, cancer and heart disease. Eating right makes you feel better physically, because the body gets the nutrients it needs to perform at its optimal level.


According to the Mayo Clinic, water makes up 60 per cent of your body weight. Because so much of the body depends on water, it is important to drink enough to replace the body fluids you lose throughout the day. The average adult needs approximately eight to nine cups of water per day. This prevents dehydration, which can make you feel tired and sap your energy. Water eliminates toxins in the body and transports nutrients to your cells.


Stress has numerous adverse effects on the body. It can cause aches and pains, which come from tense muscles. Stress also affects your skin. Men can suffer from sexual problems and women can have painful menstrual cycles. High blood pressure and heart disease also stem from stress. Stress drains your energy and makes you feel tired.

Drugs and Alcohol

The use of recreational drugs causes damage to brain cells. The body loses its resistance to disease and lacks coordination. Alcohol causes damage to the heart, pancreas and liver. It can cause high blood pressure and increases the risk of disease. Both affect the mood, body coordination and memory.

Cite this Article A tool to create a citation to reference this article Cite this Article

About the Author

Cynthia Tucker has been writing since 1999. She owns a company that specializes in ghostwriting and editing services. She writes on topics such as finance, fitness, relationships, self-help, and spirituality. Tucker holds a Master of Arts in Biblical studies from Saint Pete Theological Seminary, and a Bachelor of Arts in English from the University of South Florida.