If you are noticing dry, red and rough rashes appearing on your baby's body or face, it could be baby eczema. Baby eczema can appear anywhere on the baby's body and is likely to grow larger if left untreated. These rashes can be very itchy and can become infected with constant scratching. You must treat and soothe the skin.
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If your baby has a severe case of eczema, a dermatologist may prescribe a steroid cream for your child. If used as directed, they are fine and safe for your baby. There are different strengths of steroids in different creams, and the one prescribed may only have a small amount in it. However only 1 per cent hydrocortisone cream should be used on a face of any age.
Steroid creams are generally used when the skin is highly inflamed. It should not be applied to broken skin. The cream works best when applied after a bath. Once the inflamed area is clear you can stop using the steroid cream.
Lotions are moisturisers as well. The only difference between a cream and a lotion is the water content. Lotions tend to have more water and have a lighter and more watery consistency compared to creams. They can be easily absorbed into the skin. Babies with light eczema will find lotions to be beneficial. For more serious cases of eczema, a cream or ointment will be needed.
Be sure that the lotion you are moisturising your baby with has little to no alcohol and should also have no scent. Lotions that are heavily perfumed can aggravate your baby's skin even more and can cause the eczema to worsen. The lotion should be applied to the baby's body after bathing. Aveeno's unscented baby lotion is a popular choice for parents.
Creams have a much thicker consistency than lotions. Look for creams that contain 1 per cent hydrocortisone to help relieve the itching. Paediatricians also recommend that parents look for creams that contain oatmeal. The oatmeal based cream can be very soothing to the skin. Place your cream in the fridge and take it out before your baby's bath to allow it to warm up a bit before application. The oatmeal along with the cold will relieve your baby's skin. Some popular creams are Baby's Bliss Baby Derma Cream and Aveeno Baby Cream.
Ointments are the most moisturising moisturisers. They can also clog pores and cause skin to be greasy. If you notice that your baby's clothing has lots of ointment on it, change them to reduce more irritation. Apply the ointment in a downward motion, or the same direction as hair growth and allow it to dry. Aquaphor and Eucerin are both companies that make healing ointments for baby eczema.
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