A child's success is dependent on a combination of many factors. There is no "one-size-fits-all" rule to academic achievement, but there does seem to be a pattern among youth who do particularly well in school. It is important that parents realise that intellect is not the sole determining factor of whether or not a child will succeed academically.
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According to a family research project conducted by the Harvard Graduate School of Education, children whose parents maintain consistent involvement in their children's education are more likely to succeed academically. Some of the key components of parental involvement noticed in the study were communication with the child, emphasis put on reasonable academic expectations, reading together and attendance at school functions, events and meetings. The Harvard study noted that the findings proving that parental involvement directly impacted student success was "substantial" and, therefore, schools should strongly encourage parental involvement both at home and by their presence at school functions.
Dr. William Kohler of the Sleep Institute in Spring Hill, Florida, believes that children need a significantly longer duration of sleep than adults. Dr. Kohler has determined that children's and teens' social skills, attitudes, concentration levels, memory and grades all directly are impacted by the amount of sleep they get. The Sleep Institute has found that academic failure often occurs as a result of a lack of sleep, even when children don't seem to recognise this as the problem. The doctors at the Sleep Institute advise parents that children should get at least 9 to 10 hours of sleep at night in order to think clearly and work at their most productive capabilities.
Researchers at the Groningen Institute for Educational Research at the University of Groningen, Netherlands, conducted a study on student success in direct relationship to time management. The study primarily focused on the concept of procrastination but touched on other aspects of time management, as well. The researchers determined that students whose time is well balanced between in school and out-of-school activities are more likely to do their homework in a timely manner with full focus and effort. Children whose time was not as diversified and had less commitments to balance were actually more prone to procrastination, resulting in lower grades. The same was found for studying for tests and preparing projects.
Quality of School District
Joyce Epstein of Johns Hopkins University says that communities and school districts with plenty of extra-curricular activities provide children with greater motivation than areas that lack these types of resources. The experience and dedication of highly educated teachers, well-trained staff and district officials gives students an advantage that might otherwise be lacking in more underprivileged districts. Epstein determined that community resources and parental involvement directly impact academic success in a school district.
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- Learning Point Associates: In-School and Out-Of-School Factors That Build Student Achievement; Reginald Clark, Ph.D.; November 2002
- Psychology Today: Personality, Homework Behavior and Academic Performance; Timothy A. Pychyl; Jan. 18, 2010
- Harvard Graduate School of Education: Parental Involvement and Student Achievement; William H. Jeynes; December 2005
- Michigan Department of Education: What Research Says About Parental Involvement in Children's Education; March 2002
- Science Daily: Sleep Is The Right Ingredient For School Success; Aug. 2, 2007
- High Beam Research: What Factors Affect Student Success?; Larry Aceves; Nov. 1, 2002