Job training can come from a variety of sources. Community colleges, universities, career and technical colleges and other institutions and programs are often where individuals get off-the-job training. If you get training on the job, you typically work with a co-worker or supervisor or go to classes offered by the company to get the training you need. Off-the-job training has some disadvantages that are worth considering when deciding what type of training you want.
Being trained off the job may mean that you work with older or outdated equipment. Technology in every industry changes rapidly, and off-site facilities may not be equipped to provide the most up-to-date training. This can result in having to be trained on a new machine once you are employed -- or not being qualified for the job.
Policies and Procedures
Instructors in off-the-job training facilities may have been "out of the loop" in their industries for a few years. This time out of the field can translate to outdated information about how things are done in the work world. Students then enter the workforce unprepared to follow current procedures in safety, health or other important areas.
A learning curve is present in any job when you first start. You have to learn how things are done at a particular company. But if you are trained on the job, you have a shorter learning curve, as you will simultaneously learn the general procedures of your job and how your specific employer wants them done. You'll be educated on the company's rules and regulations while you learn how to do your job in general. Training in the context of your job will stick with you better than if you have to remember what you learnt from a lecture.
It's expensive for employers to send their employees away from the company for training; it's also expensive for employees to pay for their own job training. Some health care facilities provide free training to those who want to become certified nurse assistants in exchange for an agreement to work for the facility for a period of time after becoming certified.