How to Learn Urdu Alphabets

Written by mike marcoe
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Urdu and Hindi are very similar and considered by some to be synonymous with one another, yet they have distinctive differences in their alphabet writing styles. Learning the Urdu and Hindi alphabets is complicated and challenging. Because of how the Urdu language is structured and written, and its similarity to the Hindi language and alphabet, it is advisable that you have some amount of language proficiency in both Arabic and Farsi (Persian) prior to undertaking the daunting task of learning the Urdu and Hindi alphabets. Language proficiency levels are defined by the Interagency Language Roundtable (ILR) and the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL), and are helpful in determining what levels of reading, writing, comprehending and speaking a certain language are necessary and desirable for any particular task that you intend to use the foreign language for.

Skill level:

Things you need

  • Urdu-English dictionary and textbooks
  • Hindi-English dictionary and textbooks
  • Recipe notecards
  • Notebook
  • Pens and pencils

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  1. 1

    Make flashcards of the Urdu and Hindi alphabets using the recipe notecards, with their Urdu and Hindi alphabet characters on one side and the English phonetic pronunciation on the other side of the flashcards.

  2. 2

    Practice writing each Urdu and Hindi alphabet character over and over in the notebook until you can properly form each alphabetic character. Start by making only the initial character forms of each alphabet. Do not focus on the medial and final versions and variations of each alphabet character at this time, because you are only focusing on learning the Urdu and Hindi alphabets, and not on how to write and read Urdu and Hindi words.

  3. 3

    Practice speaking the Urdu and Hindi alphabet characters aloud with the flashcards that you have made.

Tips and warnings

  • The more you practice with the Urdu and Hindi flashcards, and with writing the Urdu and Hindi alphabet characters, the more comfortable with the Urdu and Hindi alphabets you will become.
  • Be patient with yourself, and don't give up. It is easy to get discouraged when trying to learn the Urdu and Hindi alphabets because of their complex nature.

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