How to Plant & Grow Maize

Written by crystal huskey
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How to Plant & Grow Maize
Corn grows well in the heat. (Jupiterimages/Photos.com/Getty Images)

Corn and maize refer to the same plant. Maize is a favourite vegetable for many people and is rich in nutrients like vitamin C, carbohydrates and protein. Planting and growing maize takes some patience and requires a lot of space. Corn can grow in many climates but does best in the heat of the summer, over 65F.

Skill level:
Moderate

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Things you need

  • Corn seeds
  • Tiller
  • Fertiliser

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Instructions

  1. 1

    Select an area of land that receives six to eight hours of direct sunlight. Maize needs plenty of sunlight to grow.

  2. 2

    Prepare the soil. The land should have adequate drainage. The best growth can be obtained at a pH of 6.0 to 6.5. Plow or till the selected piece of land about 6 inches deep. Design either a square or rectangle shape. Maize is wind-pollinated, so forming the shape of a square or rectangle will maximise the wind pollination.

  3. 3

    Plant your seeds 10 days to two weeks after the average frost. If you plant too early, you risk frost killing your seedlings.

  4. 4

    Poke holes that are 1 inch deep for heavy soil and 2 inches or less in sandy soil. Make straight rows that are 2 to 3 feet apart. The distance allows the roots room to grow. Create at least four or more rows; maize is wind pollinated, and a square or rectangle pattern ensures adequate pollination.

  5. 5

    Sow five or six seeds per hole. Cover each hole with soil.

  6. 6

    Water the field after everything has been planted and apply fertiliser that is rich in nitrogen. Maize needs a lot of nitrogen to grow and produce well. Apply compost as well.

  7. 7

    Form the soil around the roots into small hills when the stalks are about 6 inches high. This will keep the roots cool and assists with anchoring the stalk to the ground.

  8. 8

    Harvest your maize when the plants are mature. The ears should be full and the silk should be brown and crisp. A pierced kernel will produce a milky substance. The end of the ear should be blunt, not pointed.

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