Philodendron selenium plants are the common philodendron grown in gardens across the country. Caring for a philodendron plant requires the attention of a gardener to ensure the shrub receives the right amount of light, water and nutrients to grow to its fullest extent. Philodendron plants grow well both indoors and outside, making them a versatile plant for gardeners who have limited space or want to bring a plant indoors for the winter.
Plant the philodendron in an area where it receives partial sunlight throughout the day. Direct sunlight causes the philodendron to wither and dry out.
Water the philodendron at least once a week. The top layer of soil should remain moist; the depth of moisture necessary depends on the size of the plant. Mature philodendrons need several inches of moist soil, while immature plants need only an inch or two to grow.
Prune the philodendron plant annually to remove dead stems, leaves and flowers. Prune in early spring while the philodendron is still dormant to prevent damage to new growth. Pruning encourages new spring growth and helps lower the chances of disease and pest damage.
Use standard potting soil in a planter deep enough to accommodate the roots of the philodendron if the plant is going to grow indoors. Fill the planter with potting soil and place the philodendron in the centre before watering the soil. Make sure moisture drains from the bottom of the planter to prevent fungal problems.
Wipe the leaves of indoor philodendron plants with a damp cloth at least once a week to prevent the build-up of dust from attracting mites to the plant and damaging its ability to absorb sunlight.