How to label parts of a caterpillar in primary grades

Written by adele eliot
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How to label parts of a caterpillar in primary grades
Labelling parts of a caterpillar is a simple process. (caterpillar image by Marek Kosmal from

Whether you're a parent helping your child study or a primary-level teacher devising a lesson plan, knowing how to label parts of a caterpillar can help you introduce children to the life cycle of the butterfly. You can tailor the amount of detail you include depending on whether the children you are teaching are at the lower or upper end of the primary grades. Using a diagram, photograph or close-up video footage of a caterpillar will help you explain the different parts.

Skill level:

Things you need

  • Photograph or diagram of a caterpillar
  • Video of a caterpillar (optional)
  • Close-up picture of a caterpillar's head (optional)

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  1. 1

    Identify the three main parts of a caterpillar's body: the head, the stomach and the bottom. The head is a small part at the front of the body, the stomach (also called the thorax) is the area of the body over the first three pairs of legs and the bottom (also called the abdomen) is the area over the last six pairs of legs. All of the caterpillar's legs are underneath its body.

  2. 2

    Find the caterpillar's head, using a close-up picture if you have one. At the front of the head, the caterpillar has a mouth, which it uses to eat vegetation. On each side of its mouth are two antennae, which gives the caterpillar its sense of smell. On each side of its head above the mouth, the caterpillar has six pairs of eyes, called ocelli. It also has a tube called a spinneret on its lower lip, which produces silk.

  3. 3

    Identify any distinct markings on the caterpillar. Some species of caterpillar have colouration or markings to discourage predators. These can include eye spots, which are markings just behind the caterpillar's head that create the illusion their eyes are bigger than they really are. This tricks predators into thinking they are a more dangerous animal, such as a snake. The caterpillar in your picture might also have markings that help it camouflage itself or a bright colour that warns predators it is poisonous.

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