Guinea pigs breed rapidly and that can be a big problem if you plan on just having a pair of them in your home. Determine the sex of each guinea pig before you put it into a cage with another guinea pig. Female guinea pigs (sows) are fertile creatures, and you must even be careful when buying them so you don't take home a pregnant sow. Males (boars) can be frisky. Be careful to not end up with a guinea pig farm.
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Relax your guinea pig. They like to be held close to the body, so hold it close and speak to it in a gentle tone.
Get a good grip on the pig so it does not run away. Place one hand under its buttocks and one under its chest cavity.
Stand as close to a mirror as possible. Position the guinea pig so you can see its underside in the mirror.
Use the hand under the buttocks of the animal to expose and spread its genital area so you can closely examine it.
Look for an area shaped like a Y that is open. Sows have an area of skin in the middle of the Y. Boars have a penis head that is small and button-shaped. Older males have testicles that are often visible easily on either side of the penis head.
To confirm, tap the genital area firmly. A sow vagina will swell and the penis of a boar will harden and perk up a bit and expose itself. Avoid tapping on the testicles of the male.
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