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How to Test if 1.5v Batteries are Still Good

Updated April 17, 2017

AA, AAA and other, less standard, batteries put out a nominal voltage of 1.5 volts. The voltage in these batteries will slowly decrease throughout the batteries' lifespans. The batteries will continue working until the voltage reaches 1.1v, at which point the batteries are no longer useful and must be replaced. You can use a standard multimeter to test the voltage and determine how much life your batteries have in them.

Set the multimeter to DC voltage mode. This mode may be represented by a portion of the centre dial with VDC written on it, or by a single line with three dashed lines underneath it.

Set the multimeter to the voltage closest to the anticipated voltage of 1.5v while remaining in the DC setting. Typically, multimeter dials will have values increasing by powers of 10. For example, a multimeter might have 2v, 20v and 200v AC settings. In this case, we would choose 2v because it is closest to 1.5v.

Touch the multimeter's red lead to the battery's positive terminal. On AA and AAA batteries, this is the elevated bump on one end of the cylinder. Touch the multimeter's black lead to the battery's negative terminal. The negative terminal is on the opposite side of the cylinder from the positive terminal.

Hold both leads in place and look at the multimeter's display. The multimeter should read somewhere between 1.1v and 1.5v. A battery at 1.5v is almost fully charged. A battery at 1.1v is completely dead.

Tip

Rechargeable AA and AAA batteries follow different rules. They constantly put out 1.2v until they are completely discharged, at which point the voltage drops to 1.1v.

Things You'll Need

  • Multimeter
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About the Author

David Weinberg began writing in 2005 at New College of Florida, composing articles on history and political science for publication within the school and for online circulation. Weinberg has been a professional outdoor educator for more than five years with experience throughout the United States.