There are two main types of wheel balancing: static and dynamic. Dynamic wheel balancing adjusts the tyre's placement in both the vertical and horizontal directions, while static balancing only measures problems in the vertical direction. Though dynamic balancing can be far more accurate, in practice most drivers do not feel a difference between the two. A static balancer is simple to build and will allow you to save money compared to having your wheels dynamically balanced by a professional mechanic.
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Things you need
- 2-feet long, 1-inch threaded pipe
- Sticky weights
- 2 jack stands
- Two 1-inch nuts
- Wedge and bowl
- Spray lubricant
Place the two jack stands on a flat surface approximately two feet apart. Use the level to make sure the jack stands are levelled.
Set the threaded pipe through the centre of the vehicle's tire.
Affix the wedge to one side of the wheel and the bowl to the other side. The wedge should fit in the centre of the tire.
Tighten one-inch nuts on either side of the threaded pipe so the wedge and bowl are secured against the rims of the tires to centre the wheel on the threaded pipe.
Place the pipe on the jack stands. Adjust the distance between the jack stands if necessary.
Spray the two jack stands with spray lubricant where the pipe sits.
Spin the tire a quarter turn in any direction, hold it fixed and let it go. The tire will spin so the heaviest point of the tire is at the bottom. Make a mark at the top of the tire (on the inside rim) with a pencil. To make sure you have the correct point, repeat this procedure several times and turn the tire in several directions.
Affix 14.2gr of sticky weight to the tyre's rim at any mark that was made. Make sure the sticky weights are as close to the centre line as possible.
Repeat the procedures in steps 7 and 8 until the tire no longer spins and stops in the same position when it is released from your grip. Keep adding and removing sticky weight until you achieve this point. An unbalanced tire will always stop spinning at the same point, while a balanced tire will stop at random positions.
Tips and warnings
- Make sure the wedge is a round cone with a one-inch hole through the middle. It should be approximately four inches long as well.
- The threaded pipe must be at the true centre of the wheel for correct readings and true balance.
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