How to identify a majorica pearl

Written by becky swain
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How to identify a majorica pearl
Majorica pearls are perfectly shaped and matched for colour. (pearls on leaves image by OMKAR A.V from Fotolia.com)

Majorica or Mallorca pearls are handmade in Spain and renowned for their beauty and quality. The formula used to make the pearls was created by a German immigrant, Eduardo Hugo Heusch, in the 1890s. Although the complete process for making the pearls is unknown, it begins when an artificial nuclei is made by hand with the help of custom-designed machinery. This nuclei is dipped into a special liquid and then coated with a paste of ground fish scales and oil. The pearl is dried and polished before undergoing ultraviolet radiation. Majorica pearls have the distinction of being among the finest imitation or faux pearls available.

Skill level:
Easy

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  • Majorica pearls

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Instructions

  1. 1

    Examine the pearls for imperfections. Majorica pearls are perfectly round and matched for colour and finish. Unlike Majorica pearls, genuine pearls have unique blemishes and are not perfectly shaped or matched for colour.

    How to identify a majorica pearl
    (pearls image by Photoeyes from Fotolia.com)
  2. 2

    Rub the pearls gently across the upper teeth. Imitation pearls such as Majorica pearls feel smooth to the tooth while cultured or natural pearls feel gritty. The test is not fail-proof and can scratch pearls if not performed gently.

  3. 3

    Obtain an x-ray photo called an x-radiograph of the pearls. Majorica imitation pearls are opaque in X-rays, making them solid white on the negative. Genuine pearls are semitransparent to X-rays and appear grey on the negative.

Tips and warnings

  • Imitation pearls are usually identified by labels such as "simulated" or by regional terms like "Majorica."

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