How to Build a Scale Model of the Great Pyramid

Written by sarah coennen
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How to Build a Scale Model of the Great Pyramid
The Great Pyramid is the largest of all the pyramids at Giza, Egypt. (the great pyramid of cairo image by Elmo Palmer from

The Great Pyramid, or Khufu's Pyramid, is the largest of the pyramids that stand in Giza today. These pyramids are thousands of years old and thought to be the final resting place of the ancient Pharaohs. In ancient Egyptian society, Pharaohs were believed to be living gods, connecting the people to the land of the dead. The first step in building the Great Pyramid to scale is choosing a medium.

Skill level:

Things you need

  • Pencil
  • Paper
  • Modelling clay
  • Measuring tape that shows centimetres
  • Plastic knife
  • Toothpicks
  • Thick display board

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  1. 1

    Draw the pyramid on the piece of paper. The height of the scaled down pyramid should be 4.9 centimetres tall. The base should be 7.7 centimetres wide on each side.

  2. 2

    Use the drawn guide to help shape your pyramid. Begin with a block of modelling clay that is 5 centimetres high and 8 centimetres long. Use the plastic knife to cut the length on all four sides to 7.7 centimetres. Place the clay on the thick display board.

  3. 3

    Carve the sides to angle to the pyramid shape. The end product should be a pyramid shape with the dimensions of 7.7 centimetres wide on all four sides of the base, and 4.9 centimetres tall.

  4. 4

    Use the toothpicks to draw in the stones that were used to construct the Great Pyramid.

  5. 5

    Allow the clay to dry for at least 24 hours.

Tips and warnings

  • While the pyramid is drying, you could decorate the rest of the display board with sand and palm trees as well as a figurine of the Sphinx if you desire to do so. If you are going to add sand to the board, you will need to allow the pyramid to dry off of the board, cover the board in glue and sprinkle sand all over the display board. Allow the glue to dry for at least 6 hours before shaking off the excess sand.

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