Fuji apples are one of over 6,000 apple varieties. This late-season apple tree produces sweet fruit early to mid-September. Fuji apples are medium-sized and have red-streaked green skin, with a red-skinned strain called 'Red Fuji' also available. This cultivar produces heavily every other year, requiringv160 days in a growing season. Fujis, like other apple trees, need to cross-pollinate with a tree of another variety to produce a good crop. Planting either Rome or Braeburn near a Fuji tree is recommended.
- Skill level:
Things you need
- Weeding tool
- Pick axe
- Measuring cup
- 21-0-0 fertiliser
Select a planting site that is exposed to sunshine most of the day. Although apple trees tolerate some shade, their fruit production is greatly decreased. Morning sun is particularly important to dry the tree and reduce the spread of disease. Additionally, the ground needs to drain well. It's also worth doing a soil test to find out your soil's pH. Alkalinity makes apple trees susceptible to disease.
Remove all debris from the site, including grass, weeds and rocks.
Break up the soil with a pick axe and amend it with 2 to 4 inches of compost, manure or other organic matter. Rake the area to a smooth surface.
Dig a hole about one and a half times wider than the root ball and as deep as the roots are long.
Soak the tree's root ball in water 30 to 60 minutes before transplanting it outside. The time to set apple trees out is in early spring while the tree is still dormant.
Plant the tree in the centre of the hole. Verify that the graft union is above the soil line before filling the hole with topsoil.
Irrigate the tree deeply at planting. Continue to give it five gallons of water every week. Increase or reduce the amount if it is unusually dry or if it rains.
Cut the apple tree back to 30 inches at planting to begin to train it to a central leader. This shape creates a strong structure to support a heavy crop.
Apply one cup of a 21-0-0 fertiliser around the base of the apple tree one month after planting it. In early summer, feed the tree another cup of the same fertiliser. Water the tree thoroughly after each application.
Weed around the base of the tree to keep any vegetation from becoming established within three feet of it.
Thin the fruit by hand, retaining one apple per cluster and leaving only one cluster for every six inches of branch. Thinning improves fruit size and flowering.
Harvest apples when they're mature, as they won't ripen off the tree. Pull the fruit up and out, then rotate it to pick it.
Consult the staff of your local extension office on the least toxic method of controlling pests on your apple crop. Apple trees in general are susceptible to many diseases and insects. Rust, scab and mites are just a few.
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