Electrical cords on tools and appliances may need occasional repair from accidents that cut, break or rip them. Operating a vacuum cleaner may entail manoeuvring in a position that causes the operator to accidentally run over the cord, suck it inside the vacuum head and burn the outer coating of the cord. Using extension cords on power tools can cause accidental cutting of the cord on the tool or the extension cord with a saw blade. Electrical tape insulates single wires from touching each other when repairing cords.
- Skill level:
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Things you need
- Wire cutters
- Utility knife
- Wire strippers
- Wire nuts
- Electrical tape
Unplug the electrical cord for the appliance or tool from the power outlet.
Cut through the electrical cord with wire cutters 2 inches to the right of the damaged area of the cord. Cut the cord 2 inches to the left of the cord area for repairs.
Trim back the coating on the electrical cord with a utility knife about 3 inches from each of the two cut ends of the cord.
Grasp one coloured wire inside one end of the cord. Pull it firmly out of the exterior coating to expose 2 inches of the length.
Place wire strippers on the exposed length and squeeze them to remove the 2 inches of coloured coating. Repeat this procedure for each wire in each of the two electrical cord pieces. Appliance electrical cords generally have two to three wires inside, while extension cords with a ground have three wires inside.
Place each of the two ends with stripped wires next to each other on a flat surface. Pick up the black wire from each end and twist the copper wires tightly together in a clockwise direction.
Place a wire nut on the junction of the two black wires. Press firmly and turn it to the right to secure the junction.
Wrap electrical tape around the bottom of the wire nut onto the wires to hold the nut in place.
Repeat twisting wires of the same colour together, putting a wire nut on each junction and taping each nut securely. In three-wire cords, the most common additional wire colours are green and white.
Wrap electrical tape around all junctions of the wires to secure them together. Start the tape from three inches to the left and extend it three inches past the right of the cut area while overlapping each electrical tape wrap to secure all wires inside. This will keep the wires from protruding out farther than the cord and catching on items to pull the connections apart.
Tips and warnings
- Cutting entirely through an extension cord with wire cutters may take several cuts to pierce the outer coating and the three small wires inside.
- Each wire in an electrical cord needs insulation of electrical tape individually so they do not touch each other and cause a short or sparks in the cord.
- If the internal wire colours are not matched in the same sequence with same colours, the electrical cord will not work and can short out or burn up an appliance or tool.
- The repair of an electrical cord with electrical tape is not waterproof for outdoor use.
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