How to Plant Bamboo Outside

Updated March 23, 2017

Bamboo, depending on the variety, can grow has tall as 8 feet. It also spreads and grows quickly, making it a desirable choice for privacy and shade in outdoor gardens. Bamboo spreads underground from a root system called rhizomes. Rhizomes spread underground and upward to form another shoot. If you plan on growing a screen, rhizome growth should be controlled. This is done using a rhizome barrier.

Choose the placement of your bamboo that will receive at least five hours of sun daily.

Install a high-density polyethylene plastic (HDPE) sheet at least 30 inches high as a rhizome barrier. Dig a trench around the area. Place the sheet in the trench. Allow 1 inch of the sheet to rise above the ground. Pack the soil tightly against and around the barrier.

Plant the shoots inside the barrier in even distances from each other. The rhizomes should be 1 to 2 inches in the soil.

Spread at least 2 inches of mulch around the shoots. Water the roots twice a week during mild weather and once a day during hot weather to encourage new growth. Give the bamboo enough water so that the soil becomes moist. Do not flood the bamboo.

Things You'll Need

  • Rhizome barrier
  • Bamboo shoots
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