Multiple trunks with long narrow crowns of strip-like leaves give the dracaena an interesting, abstract shape. A healthy dracaena can reach a height of 15 feet at maturity, so keep that in mind when growing one indoors. Take care of dracaena's light, soil, temperature and moisture requirements, and you'll enjoy this plant, indoors or outside, for many years.
- Skill level:
Things you need
- Dracaena marginata
- Potting soil
- Water-soluble fertiliser (optional)
- Pruning shears
Plant dracaena in loose, sandy soil that drains well. Put on gloves and combine equal parts potting soil and sand, and mix thoroughly with a spade or by hand. Make sure containers drain freely from the bottom and that drainage holes are not obstructed.
Grow dracaena in bright, flitered light. Outdoors, plant dracaenas 3 feet apart in partial sun and shade or in dappled light all day. Indoors, place a potted dracaena in a south-facing window that has a sheer curtain.
Water your dracaena every week or so. Allow the soil to dry out between watering to prevent root rot. Fertiliser isn't mandatory for this tough customer, but you can add a pinch of water-soluble fertiliser every other month if you want the plant to grow faster.
Pinch off dead or dying leaves and stems as you see them, especially if you are trying to grow a dracaena in low light. Cut back your dracaena with pruning shears to control its height and encourage new shoots and stems at the base of the plant.
Tips and warnings
- Dracaenas make a dramatic statement when placed against a wall with uplighting.
- Watch for yellowing and curling leaf tips. Dracaenas can be sensitive to the fluoride added to city water supplies. Try distilled water to clear up this problem.
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