How to clean & seal old grout in tile floor

Written by kimbry parker
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How to clean & seal old grout in tile floor
Clean and seal old tile grout to make it easier to clean and protect it from stains. (Footprints in Tile image by bnstrong from

Old tile grout may become dirty and stained over time. Cleaning grout and applying a sealer will make future cleaning much easier. It is important to properly clean old grout so that the grout sealer will adhere correctly.

Skill level:

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Things you need

  • Broom or vacuum cleaner with soft-brush attachment
  • 2 clean, empty spray bottles
  • 1/3 cup household ammonia
  • 1/4 cup white vinegar
  • Water
  • 1/2 cup baking soda
  • Rags
  • 2 old toothbrushes
  • 2 tbsp tea tree oil
  • Water-based grout sealer with flip-top applicator

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    Cleaning Old Grout

  1. 1

    Sweep the tiled floor and grout lines thoroughly. Use a broom or soft-brush vacuum cleaner attachment to remove loose dirt, dust and debris from the floor.

  2. 2

    Mix up a homemade grout cleaner in a bucket. Mix 1/3 cup household ammonia, 1/4 cup white vinegar, 7 cups water and 1/2 cup baking soda. Stir the ingredients with a long-handled spoon to thoroughly combine.

  3. 3

    Apply the mixture to the old grout using a sponge. Make sure to thoroughly saturate the grout. Work in sections of about 2 square feet so that the cleaning solution does not dry on the surface. Allow the mixture to sit on the grout for a few minutes.

  4. 4

    Scrub the grout with a damp rag. For tough stains, use an old toothbrush to scrub the grout.

  5. 5

    Wipe down the grout with a dry rag to remove any moisture. Allow the grout to air dry the rest of the way.

  6. 6

    Use tea tree oil to clean mould and mildew from old grout. Combine 2 cups water with 2 tbsp tea tree oil in a clean, empty spray bottle.

  7. 7

    Spray the solution onto the mouldy areas of the grout. Allow the solution to dry on the grout without rinsing. The mould and mildew will be gone once the solution evaporates.

    Sealing Old Grout

  1. 1

    Choose the appropriate sealer. A variety of grout sealers are available. A water-based sealer will work best for sealing old grout. Choose a sealer that comes in a bottle with a flip-top applicator.

  2. 2

    Let the grout dry completely from cleaning.

  3. 3

    Shake the bottle of grout sealer. Place small drops of sealer 1/2 inch apart along the grout lines. Work in sections of about 1 square foot so that the sealer does not dry before you have a chance to spread it.

  4. 4

    Use an old toothbrush to evenly spread out the grout sealer. Use a scrubbing motion when spreading the sealer to ensure that it penetrates the grout.

  5. 5

    Wipe off any excess grout sealer from the surrounding tiles with a damp rag. Use caution not to wipe the grout joints.

  6. 6

    Allow the grout sealer to set for 30 to 60 minutes, or the time recommended by the grout sealer manufacturer. Clean the grout with a damp rag once the sealer has set. Go over the grout lines with a dry rag to remove any haze.

  7. 7

    Apply a second light coat of the sealer if recommended by the manufacturer. It is best to apply two light coats rather than one thick coat. Clean the grout lines a second time with a damp rag, followed by a dry rag, if you applied a second coat of sealer.

Tips and warnings

  • In general, grout sealer should be free of foot traffic for 2 hours after the final coat is applied. The sealer should be kept dry for 7 to 10 days with the exception of the initial cleaning. Do not scrub the grout for at least 20 days. Always follow the directions on the bottle of grout sealer.
  • Grout sealer can also be applied using a paintbrush. Brush the sealer onto the grout lines in an even fashion. This method is a bit more time-consuming than using a bottle of grout sealer with an applicator.
  • Some grout sealers will come with a built-in applicator brush. Use this brush to spread the grout sealer rather than using an old toothbrush.

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