How to Start Birch Trees From Seeds

Written by owen pearson Google
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How to Start Birch Trees From Seeds
Birch tree (Birch image by loginblogin from

The birch tree is a hardwood tree that grows primarily in Europe, Asia and North America. Most types of birch trees, including the white and silver birch varieties, only grow to a mature height of 40 to 50 feet. Birch trees can be started from seed in containers or seed trays, or can simply be planted in the ground in late fall or early winter.

Skill level:

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Things you need

  • Birch seeds
  • Peat moss
  • Sealable plastic sandwich bag
  • Water
  • Refrigerator

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    Natural Germination

  1. 1

    Choose a location that provides good water drainage. The soil should also be light, meaning that it should not be densely packed or contain a high percentage of clay.

  2. 2

    Place the seeds into the soil so that half the seed is exposed above ground. You should do this in the late fall or early winter, so that the seeds will freeze for a few months. This dormancy period is necessary for germination in the spring.

  3. 3

    Loosely cover the area with leaves to protect the seeds during the winter.

    Forced Germination

  1. 1

    Soak three or four handfuls of peat moss in water. Squeeze the excess water out.

  2. 2

    Place a thin layer of the peat moss in a sealable plastic sandwich bag. Put the seeds on top of this layer, and spread another layer of peat moss on top.

  3. 3

    Seal the bag and place it in the bottom of your refrigerator. Check every few days for signs of germination. If the seeds germinate in less than three months, take them out and plant them in containers, seed trays or the ground.

  4. 4

    Remove the seeds and plant them if they have not germinated after three months.

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