Mangoes are tropical fruits that are native to Asia and grow on trees. Although most mango trees are grown outdoors, they also adapt well to growing in pots. Since the mango tree is not cold hardy, pot-grown mangoes are the primary growth method in colder climates. The fruit of the mango has a peach-coloured interior and can grow to be eight to 680gr in weight, according to the California Rare Fruit Growers, Inc. The best time to plant a potted mango is in early summer.
Choose a pot that has drainage holes in the bottom of it and provides 4 to 5 inches of space between the tree and the sides of the pot.
Fill the pot with potting soil until it is three-quarters full. Dig a hole in the centre of the soil with a garden spade. Place the mango tree into the hole and cover the roots completely with additional potting soil.
Place 1 to 2 inches of mulch on top of the soil to help retain moisture in the pot.
Prune all of the branches back until they are approximately 6 inches long, using sharp pruning shears. This severe pruning is necessary only during the first year for newly planted mango trees.
Water the mango plant with 1 inch of water every time the top of the soil feels dry to the touch. Watering is usually required just once or twice per week.
Apply an all-purpose liquid fruit tree fertiliser to the mango tree. Mix the liquid fertiliser with water in a spray bottle as instructed by the product packaging. Spray the leaves and stem of the mango tree with the fertiliser until they are saturated. Make sure to saturate the soil in the pot as well.
Place the pot in a sunny indoor location. During the warmer months, it is advisable to move the mango tree outdoors onto a patio, deck or even in the yard. If a mango plant stays indoors constantly, it will not flower or bloom.
You can plant a regular size mango or a bonsai mango tree in the pot. The growth of a regular size tree mango tree will be stunted by the pot, so it will always remain a manageable size.