How to write a report reflecting on your learning

Updated March 23, 2017

Many teachers require students to write an essay reflecting on what they have learnt. This practice encourages students to become more actively involved in and take responsibility for their own learning.

Take notes as you progress through a class. Often, your teacher will inform you ahead of time that a reflection assignment is coming up. The best way to jar your memory and reflect on past lessons is to consult your notes.

Create a KWL chart at the start of a class. This graphic organiser has three columns: K for what you already know about the topic, W for what you want to learn about the topic and L for what you learnt about the topic. Look at the L column for some ideas about what you learnt. Even if you did not create a KWL chart earlier, try to reconstruct one now by thinking about what you knew and what you learnt.

Talk to others with the same assignment and jot down ideas that emerge from conversations. Talking and listening keeps you can help jog your memory, and another person can present ideas about what you learnt that you may not otherwise have thought of.

Remember to include research and organizational skills in your reflection. If you learnt how to create a works cited page or produce an outline, incorporate those elements into your reflection report.

Create an outline for your report based on your notes, memory, charts, and discussions, using an essay format with an introduction, at least three body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Each body paragraph should deal with a specific topic, and include details to support each topic sentence.

Write a first draft. Edit it for punctuation, grammar, transitions, spelling, sentence structure, word usage, and organisation. Using these corrections, produce a second draft. Find a peer editor to make more corrections on your second draft. Repeat this process until you are satisfied with the result.


Leave enough time to complete the assignment. Include enough detail to make your point.


Do not use negative language about the topic, such as you did not like it, you did not learn anything, or you felt that it was useless information. Concentrate on the specific things you found out about the topic.

Things You'll Need

  • Notebook
  • Computer
  • Folder
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About the Author

Sharon Penn is a writer based in South Florida. A professional writer since 1981, she has created numerous materials for a Princeton advertising agency. Her articles have appeared in "Golf Journal" and on industry blogs. Penn has traveled extensively, is an avid golfer and is eager to share her interests with her readers. She holds a Master of Science in Education.