Foxglove is an herbal plant that produces beautiful bell-shaped flowers on stalks that can grow to be over 5 feet tall, making it an excellent choice for the backdrop in a flower bed. If you have foxglove seedlings, you will need to transplant them to the garden, but it is best not to transplant mature foxglove if you can help it. Colorado State University Extension warns that foxglove is not easy to transplant, due to its extended tap roots. Transplanting mature plants risks damage to the root system, but it can be done. Whether transplanting seedlings or mature foxglove, follow a few basic steps.
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Select a garden spot that gets a lot of early to midday sun and has good drainage. Late afternoon shade is good because foxglove has a difficult time when overheated. Foxglove seedlings should be planted in early spring, when the soil can be worked and frost danger has passed.
Dig a hole that is slightly larger than the pot. When you take the foxglove seedling out of the pot, you will want to move the entire root system, including dirt, to its new home.
Add 1 to 2 inches of compost to the hole. You can use your own decomposed compost or a compost mix from a lawn and garden centre.
Place the seedling root system into the ground and fill in around it with dirt.
Tap the dirt down securely, but do not pack it hard around the roots. Water well and put some mulch of your choice over the dirt. This will help keep weeds from growing up around the young foxglove.
Transplant foxglove in the fall as the roots won't have to fight for water as much as they do in the summer.
Dig up the foxglove and dig extra wide beyond where you believe the root system will be. You want to dig up as much of the roots and soil around them as possible to prevent root damage and transplant shock.
Dig a new hole for the foxglove that is slightly deeper and wider than the root ball.
Pour 3 inches of water into the hole and let it drain.
Place the foxglove into the hole and fill in with soil around the roots, packing it down loosely. Cover the top dirt with mulch of your choice.
Tips and warnings
- Foxglove does not produce flowers in its first year. If you want flowers the first growing season, purchase plants that are at least a year old.
- Foxglove is an herbal plant that can affect the heart. Never make herbal preparations from foxglove without consulting an expert and your physician.
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