Federal law requires a license to sell guns in the United States. Application requirements and fees for a gun dealer license vary by state, but there is a federal list of criteria that applicants must meet in order to apply.
- Skill level:
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Things you need
- ATF Form 7 (5310.12)
- ATF Form 7CR (5320.16)
- Appropriate fees (listed on application)
- Business facility
- Gun storage device
Check to be sure you meet the minimum age requirements. Applicants must be 21 years or older and be permitted to ship, transport, receive and possess firearms or ammunition.
Secure a physical location to sell or collect firearms and certify that the business will be operated under state and local laws.
Obtain devices to secure and store guns at all retail locations.
Deliver a form to the local chief law enforcement officer explaining that you have applied for a gun dealer license.
Obtain Application for License (ATF Form 7 (5310.12)) or Application for License (Collector of Curios or Relics) (ATF Form 7CR (5320.16)) from the ATF Distribution Center or your local ATF office. Forms are not listed on the ATF website because fingerprint cards and photographs are required as part of the application.
Submit application along with the required fee.
Move forward quickly if your application is approved. The business must be operable within 30 days after approval, and requirements of state and local laws must be met before the business can operate.
Tips and warnings
- A separate license is required for each business location, but not for storage facilities.
- A separate license is not required to sell firearms at gun shows.
- Applicants who falsify information on the application or have violated the GCA are not eligible to sell firearms.
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