As early as 3,000 BC, jade was considered a royal gem by the Chinese and has been a significant jewel within the Eastern culture ever since. Ancient Egyptians and early civilisations in Central America also have a long history of admiring the lustrous jewel. Today, jade can be purchased by anyone through many reputable jewellers. Because of its beauty and nuance of colour, jade bracelets are popular items to wear in both formal and casual settings. Determining if a jade bracelet is genuine has a great deal to do with testing the density, quality and natural properties known to jade.
Check to see if there are air bubbles. Genuine jade will not contain any air pockets or bubbles within the gemstone. Though you may notice a smoky quality within jade when a bracelet is held up to light, any sign of bubbling within the bracelet means the accessory is most likely made of glass or some other lesser-quality material.
Ask for certification upon purchase. Jade is categorised into three types - A, B and C. Most professional jewellers should be able to inform you about the type you are purchasing and in many cases can provide certification. In brief, Type A jade is unmodified jade, Type B has been exposed to chemicals to remove impurities and Type C has been both bleached and dyed.
Try a cooling test. Jade does not retain heat for very long. Briefly warm a section of the bracelet using a protective cloth and open flame or with your hand, then set the bracelet down for one or two minutes. If the accessory is still warm to the touch, it is not real jade. Should you be unable to distinguish a temperature difference while using your hand because of body heat, the tip of the tongue is another acceptable tester.
Test the weight of the bracelet. Genuine jade is very heavy. If the bracelet feels light around your arm or wrist, it is extremely likely the material is not jade. You can also test the bracelet in a container of water. Should the bracelet not immediately sink, but rather waver or float, the accessory is definitely not made of jade.
- Real jade can contain other shades of colours than green. White, pink and yellow undertones are not uncommon and in certain cultures are even more widely esteemed than the deep emerald green hue many strictly associate with the gem.