Floaters are "little specks of debris floating through the vitreous fluid in the eyeball," according to AboutFloaters.com. They can look like a variety of shapes, including black spots or crooked lines. True to their name, floaters drift across a person's vision. Since they are inside and not on the eyeball, rubbing the eyes doesn't make floaters disappear. Eating a healthy diet and exercising can help keep additional floaters from forming. Having surgery is the only way to cure them, but people who see floaters can typically learn to ignore them.
Wear sunglasses or photogray lenses when you go outside in the bright sunlight. Tone down bright artificial lighting in your environment when it's possible. Switch over to "soft white" light bulbs to read by, for example. Dim your computer monitor. Bright lights make floaters more noticeable.
Don't follow the floaters with your eyes, according to Eye-Floaters.com. Following them only makes them more apparent and keeps them within the centre of your vision. Instead, fix your eyes on another point of interest.
Redecorate any white walls in your home with deep, dark colours. Looking at large, bright white walls makes it extremely easy to see floaters. Instead of painting, you can hang wallpaper that has a high contrast pattern, according to Eye-Floaters.com. You can also try hanging up pictures and other items of interest to focus on.
Apply solar window film to the inside of your home's windows to filter the daylight. The subdued light will help you ignore floaters. Window film is easy to use. It's basically cut with a utility knife, then put over window glass that's been moistened with water. Window film lifts off for removal.
Floaters are more likely to occur as people get older. They are most common in people who have diabetes, are quite nearsighted, or who had cataract surgery, according to the National Eye Institute.
Floaters themselves are usually harmless. However, if the amount of floaters you see increases, you notice a vision loss and see flashing lights, contact a medical professional immediately. These are all symptoms of a detached retina, according to AboutFloaters.com.