There are hundreds of breeds of pigeons, each with their own unique look or purpose. Fancy pigeons are pigeons that have been bred for their looks. A few examples are the Indian Fantail, Modena and the Pomeranian Pouter pigeons. Pigeon fanciers take their hobby very seriously and breed their birds to show, sell and to simply enjoy. If you are a serious pigeon enthusiast,you may wish to breed fancy pigeons as pets or to show.
- Skill level:
- Moderately Challenging
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Things you need
- Nest sites
- Nesting material
- Avian veterinarian
Join a local and/or national pigeon club or society. By attending their shows and meetings you will learn what it takes to breed pigeons and become familiar with the standards of each breed.
Choose the pigeon breed or breeds that interest you. Start with just a breed or two to learn with before expanding into other fancy breeds.
Design an aviary or enclosure that will best suit the needs of the breed you have chosen. General requirements of any pigeon aviary are to make sure it is large enough for the number of birds you are housing, easy to clean, and has areas where the birds are protected from the weather.
Provide a healthy diet. Pigeons that are to breed need to be well fed in order to avoid health problems such as egg binding when breeding. Pigeons can be fed seed, commercial feed, fruits and vegetables.
Provide platforms for the birds to use as nest sites. They will also need some straw or small sticks to make nests with.
Buy your pigeons for breeding. Choose pigeons from esteemed breeders whose birds consistently meet the standards of the breed.
Take your birds to your avian veterinarian. Only healthy birds should be allowed to breed.
Choose your breeding method. Two common methods are bull breeding and paired breeding. In bull breeding one male is bred to several females. With paired breeding one male is paired with one female.
Tips and warnings
- Short-beaked pigeon breeds often cannot care for their young. The babies will need to be raised by foster pigeon parents or hand raised.
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