Jasmine is one of the easier plants to grow indoors, and it will offer you sweet-smelling rewards. The jasmine plant originated in Iran, India, parts of Asia and South China. There are at least 20 to 30 different varieties of jasmine plants. Jasmine is from the oleaceae family, the Magnoliophyta division. The plant's flowers have a number of uses, from weddings and religious ceremonies to perfumes and tea.
- Skill level:
Things you need
- Moss-based potting mixture
- Pebble tray
- Trellis or wire form
- South-facing window
- Low-nitrogen fertiliser
Use a potting mixture which is made up of sphagnum peat moss, bark, coir, perlite, and vermiculite. These ingredients add drainage, but they also help retain moisture. Once your jasmine is planted in a pot, the best place to grow it is in a well-lit spot, such as a south-facing window. The ideal daytime temperature range is 20C to 22C, and the nighttime range is 8C to 15C.
Place the jasmine plant in bright light to partial shade. The plant will show signs of distress when moved from a shady to sunny place. The leaves may go limp, turn yellow and fall off. If you can't provide your jasmine plant with adequate sunlight and warm temperatures in the house, then your plant may grow slowly and flower less frequently.
Grow jasmine on a trellis or wire form as an alternative to a pot. Place the planter on a tray filled with pebbles, as this will help raise the humidity around the plant. Since jasmine is a tropical plant, it likes high humidity. Water it when the soil has a dryness depth of about a half inch below the surface. This plant does not like infrequent watering or too much watering. The leaves will discolour quickly if the soil remains too moist or if the soil gets too dry.
Repot the plant if the soil dries out within two to three days after a thorough soaking. Choose a pot that is 5 cm to 10 cm wider than the old one. If the roots are growing into a tight ball, make several, 1 cm deep cuts across the sides of the root ball. If you have four to five cuts from top to bottom of the root ball, then this is enough to encourage new root growth.
Fertilise the plant when it is healthy and actively growing. Use a fertiliser with a low concentration of nitrogen once a month. When the plant is resting, feed bimonthly. After you repot, you shouldn't need to fertilise for a year.
Tips and warnings
- If the jasmine plant does not have the right amount of sunlight, at least four hours a day, as well as high humidity, it may not flower.
- To help your jasmine plant flower, the roots prefer to be pot bound.
- Watch for spider mites, aphids and mealy bugs on the plant's leaves. Spider mites thrive in warm, dry air. If you find any on your plant, wash the leaves with a soap and water spray.
- Do not over fertilise. You can prune your jasmine back after it has flowered or whenever it becomes unruly.
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