Enjoy fresh fruit from trees that you can grow yourself, even if you don't have a yard or garden. Plant dwarf fruit trees in pots around your home or on your patio and enjoy fresh fruit that might not otherwise thrive year round in your climate. Dwarf fruit trees grow from 5 to 8 feet tall and produce regular size fruit, but not as abundantly as a full size tree.
Determine which type of fruit tree you'd like to grow. Self-pollinating fruit trees like peaches and blueberries do not need more than one variety of tree nearby to thrive, but apple trees and other types of cross-pollinating fruit rely on different varieties of the same species to help each other grow. Knowing whether or not your dwarf fruit tree needs a companion will make the difference in whether or not your tree will bear fruit.
Fill the bottom of your planter or pot with gravel so the tree will have good drainage. Mix several handfuls of compost into the potting soil for added nutrients and fill the pot about ¾ of the way full. You can find everything you need to plant and grow fruit trees at your local garden centre or at online retailers.
Place the fruit tree in the potting soil, spreading the roots so the tree will grow healthier. Continue filling the pot with potting soil almost up to the rim. Leave an inch or so to allow for water to swell before it recedes.
Water the fruit tree immediately after potting it. You might need to add additional soil as the water compacts what you already have.
Water your fruit tree every few days. Fertilise the tree every six weeks during the spring and summer with fertiliser especially formulated for fruit trees.
Shelter your fruit trees as needed based on the type of fruit you are growing. Expect to harvest fruit when the tree is two or three years old.
Find out how much or how little sun your fruit trees need and place your pots accordingly.
Trees in large pots are heavy and are not always easily moved.