How to treat glaucoma in dogs

Written by erica roth
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Glaucoma is a medical condition in which there is too much pressure in the eye. Abnormally high pressure can harm the optic nerve and may lead to blindness. Dogs as well as humans can suffer from glaucoma. Unfortunately, in many cases, the dog loses sight in one of his eyes before glaucoma is diagnosed. Treatment for glaucoma in dogs ranges from eye drops and oral medications to surgery.

Skill level:
Moderately Challenging

Things you need

  • Prescription eye drops
  • Oral medications
  • Shots

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  1. 1

    Take your dog to your veterinarian if he seems to be having trouble with his eyes, including redness, pain, fluid leakage or frequent squinting. These are all symptoms that are consistent with glaucoma and can be treated once a diagnosis is confirmed. If you do not have a vet, locate one in your area with Veterinarian USA Directory (see Resources).

  2. 2

    Treat your dog's glaucoma by draining extra fluid from her eyes and reducing the amount of fluid that her eyes produce. This can be achieved through prescription eye drops or oral medications. Your pet's vet will discuss the pros and cons of each type of medication with you and show you how to administer them.

  3. 3

    Reduce the inflammation your pet is experiencing. The vet may prescribe aspirin or prednisone for your dog's glaucoma. Give your dog the medication exactly as written and complete the full course, even if he appears to be better.

  4. 4

    Ask the vet about other ways to reduce the high eye pressure that is causing your pet pain. Injections of a group of drugs called hyperosmotics are sometimes given to lower dangerously high eye pressure caused by glaucoma. These shots are used more on an emergency basis than for ongoing treatment.

  5. 5

    Submit your dog to glaucoma surgery if she is not responding to the medications you have tried. Several types of surgeries are effective treatments for glaucoma in dogs. Laser surgery destroys the cells that are producing too much eye fluid. Open surgery is used to repair a lens that is not working properly.

Tips and warnings

  • Dog are highly adaptable and will adjust to seeing out of just one eye if the other is non-visual due to glaucoma. In addition to treating your pet with medications, make sure you give him lots of love and encouragement as he recovers.

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