Hot spots are areas of skin that become irritated and inflammed. These spots are often characterised by the circular pattern in which they usually form, as well as hair loss, inflammation and sometimes a discharge of pus that emits a foul odour. Hot spots are actually a form of dermatitis and may result from allergy, flea infestation, behavioural problems or other causes. It is important to treat hot spots promptly to prevent spreading.
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Things you need
- Cotton balls
Trim the hair carefully from around the hot spot so the area will be easier to keep clean.
Clean the area with a mild antiseptic. You can use cotton balls to gently dab the area with the cleaning solution.
Apply a cool compress to the hot spot for 5 to 10 minutes 3 to 4 times a day to soothe your dog's sore skin.
Make sure your dog is flea free. Hot spots often occur due to flea bites. The fleas must be eliminated in order to prevent further skin irritation.
Bathe the affected area of skin with cool tea to speed healing. Tea contains tannic acid which aids the healing process. Dab the affected area with a cotton ball that has been soaked in tea that has cooled. Repeat the process 3 to 4 times daily.
Feed your dog a healthy diet. If you've been shopping for bargains, you may need to upgrade to a premium dog food. Feeding your pet a good nutritious source of food can help heal skin irritation and prevent further irritation from developing. If your pet suffers from recurring skin conditions or has dull, thin fur, a change in diet may be needed.
Give your dog a daily vitamin supplement that contains fatty acids known as Omega 3. This will help to heal hot spots and other skin conditions. Omega 3 fatty acids will speed healing, promote healthy skin and fur, and prevent further recurrence of hot spots or other skin irritation.
Soothe sore hot spots with a dab of Vitamin E oil. Vitamin E oil is well known for its healing effects on skin and dogs are not excluded from its healing benefits. Dab Vitamin E oil on the affected area 2 to 3 times a day to help loosen crusty areas that have formed and aid healing. It will soothe your pet's itchy skin as well.
Give the hot spots time to heal. Don't expect a hot spot to go away overnight. It will take a little time for the skin to heal and the fur to grow back. Careful observation will show if the area is healing. If the hot spot appears to get worse, consult your veterinarian.