Baritone ukuleles use a standard D-G-B-E tuning like the top four strings of a guitar. You can tune a baritone ukulele in two alternate tunings, G-C-E-A re-entrant and D-G-B-E re-entrant. G-C-E-A re-entrant is the same tuning as a soprano ukulele. D-G-B-E re-entrant means the D string is pitched an octave higher than in normal D-G-B-E tuning.
- Skill level:
Things you need
- Pitch source (pitch pipe, keyboard or other instrument)
- G-C-E-A strings made especially for the baritone ukulele
- Strings made especially for D-G-B-E re-entrant tuning on the baritone ukulele
Tune your strings in the order of lowest, highest, second lowest and second highest to exert the least amount of pressure on the instrument's neck. G-C-E-A refers to the order of the strings on the neck, starting with the string that's closest to the player's head while playing.
Start by tuning the G string an octave higher than the G note on your pitch source.
Match the A string to the A note on your pitch source.
Make your C string sound the same as the middle C pitch of your source.
Adjust your E string so it sounds like the E note of your pitch source.
G-C-E-A Re-Entrant Tuning
Use a pitch source to find a D note and tune the re-entrant D string until it plays one octave higher.
Tighten or loosen the E string of the baritone ukulele as needed, until it matches the sound of the pitch source's E note.
Do adjustments on the G string so it sounds like the G note you play on your pitch source.
Fret the G string on the fourth fret and tune the open B string until they sound the same.
D-G-B-E Re-Entrant Tuning
Tips and warnings
- Re-entrant tuning means that the bottom string is tuned an octave higher than the top three.
- Always buy two identical sets of strings in case you break a string while tuning.
- G-C-E-A baritone ukulele strings often come labeled "Key of C."
- G-C-E-A sounds like the song "My Dog Has Fleas."
- Musicians sometimes indicate re-entrant tuning by writing it "G-C-E-A."
- Use special G-C-E-A re-entrant strings for the baritone ukulele, because otherwise you can damage the instrument.
- Make sure to check the string package to see if the strings are for re-entrant tuning. If it doesn't say on the package, ask a music store employee to look it up.
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