How to Lay Brick Paving Stones

Written by ehow home & garden editor
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Be sure you're using paving bricks and not regular bricks. Pavers are resistant to spalling - flaking caused by moisture and cold. Modular bricks are even better and are recommended in areas that will be traveled by heavy vehicles.

Skill level:
Moderately Challenging

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Things you need

  • Gravel
  • Brooms
  • Garden Stakes
  • Paving Stones
  • Sand
  • Shovels
  • 2-by-4 Boards
  • Levels
  • Sledge Hammers

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  1. 1

    Install the edging at ground level. This can be made with edging boards treated with wood preservative or additional bricks. Wood should be supported with deep-driven stakes; brick should be set in a 4-inch concrete foundation. The idea is to keep the sand and gravel from spreading below the pavers.

  2. 2

    Lay 4 inches of gravel.

  3. 3

    Cover the gravel with 2 to 3 inches of sand.

  4. 4

    Level the sand with the side of a 2-by-4 board and a carpenter's level. The depth should allow a brick laid on the sand to rise 1/4 inch above the top of the edging.

  5. 5

    Lay the bricks in the desired pattern.

  6. 6

    Go over the entire paved area with a plate vibrator. You can get one at an equipment rental store.

  7. 7

    Use a garage broom to sweep dry sand between the bricks and go over the area again with the plate vibrator.

Tips and warnings

  • If a plate vibrator isn't available, you can also tamp the bricks down by laying a 2-by-4 board across several bricks and giving it a good pounding with a sledgehammer. Be careful not to damage the individual bricks if you do this.
  • Never step on the sand once it's level. Use a wide board to spread your weight if you must cross it.

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