Why Does the Right Lung Have 3 Lobes and the Left 2?

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Why Does the Right Lung Have 3 Lobes and the Left 2?

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The Right and Left Lung

Human lungs are divided into right and left lungs, and further subdivided into lobes. The right and left lung are not symmetrical, since your right lung has three lobes and your left lung has two. The lobes on both sides of your lungs are separated by fissures. The oblique fissure separates the largest lobe, the left upper lobe, or superior lobe, from the one below it. The lower is called the left lower, or inferior, lobe. The right lung's lobes are separated by the horizontal fissure, dividing the superior and middle lobe, and the oblique fissure, dividing the middle and lower lobe.

Lung and Heart

The left lung is a little smaller than the right lung, since your heart is a little left of centre of your chest. The heart, found in between the left and the right lung, occupies some of the space where your left lung is found. The two-lobed left lung makes room for your heart. A diagram showing a cross section of the lung lobes and heart reveals the left lung partially surrounding the heart.

Further Lung Divisions

Lungs continue to subdivide, the lobes becoming lobules. There are about 130,000 lobules, measuring 3.5 millimetres across. Lobules, in turn, have smaller bronchi branching off of them. Bronchi continue to branch and finally end in a complex system of air sacs called alveoli, numbering three million. Tissue located there is so thin that it would take 50 layers laid on top of each other to attain the thickness of tissue paper. This is the where the gas exchange takes place and your blood becomes oxygenated. It only takes about one minute for all your blood to pass through the lungs when you are at rest.You take around 25,000 breaths each day, inhaling over 10,000 litres of air. Heart and lungs work together in close cooperation to maintain your blood at a properly oxygenated level.

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